Linux Newsletter <--> Issue #11 <--> Date: September 29, 1997


Table of Contents
  1. From the Editor: Linux on the move
  2. Why Linux: Administration must become easier, but MS-Windows isn't easy either.
  3. Hot News: The latest Linux related News
    -- Java Article mentions Linux
    -- HotFlash from Web Monkey, Thumbs up to vi
    -- IEEE says future is Linux & NT
    -- WebKit / WebWorx applications run major sites
    -- PC-o-cide? Man Arrested
    -- Linux Super Computing and Great Linux reputation
    -- Open Hardware Initiative and I20 group
  4. Useful tips
    -- Applications & Howto documents you may find useful
    -- A short and realistic Web page about Linux
  5. Upcoming Linux Events
    -- Comdex/Fall, November 17-21, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
  6. User Success Stories
    -- Linux Lockups
    -- Linux Record Ends
    -- Linux versus MS-Windows
    -- Never Ending Kernel
  7. Reader Feedback
    -- Software? Or Solution?
    -- Freeware? Caldera?
    -- Linus in Wonderland
  8. Top 10: Linux Best Sellers
  9. FREE Linux items
  10. New Products & Specials at the Linux Mall
  11. Linux Newsletter Subscription & Policy statement
Reader submissions for any portion of this newsletter will be paid for if we use them. The Linux Newsletter is a *FREE* publication for all that desire to receive it. See Section 11 for subscription and submission details. For more information about the Linux Newsletter visit /announce/lxnann.html

All items prefixes by Ed: are Editor's comments.



1. From the Editor: Linux on the move


Anyone who doesn't think that Linux is taking off, hasn't looked at the evidence. Commercial software is coming out of the woodwork; so is more freeware and GNU software. You will find references strewn throughout this newsletter to both sorts of software. You should also take a look at the commercial software on the "New software at the Linux Mall" list at: /newprods.html for products like Corel WordPerfect version 7, Visix Vibe Java IDE, which recently won IDE of the year from Unix Review Magazine, TalentSoft Web +, WebCheck, and much more. In addition we have included some software announcements below in the news section.

While Microsoft adapts the X-Window system to NT and calls it Win-Term, and continues to adapt NT to Posix standards a step at a time... they still have a long way to go in reaching their stated goal of creating a better Unix than Unix. A long time ago it was stated that "those that do not accept Unix are doomed to reproduce it", Microsoft appears to be slowly proving this.

BUT: Why wait? Apparently even SCO thinks Linux is rather important: note that SCO has recently released 'lxrun', an emulator which runs Linux binaries (both a.out and ELF) on OpenServer and UnixWare systems. lxrun release 0.8.6 is freely available in both binary and source versions at: http://ftp.sco.com/skunkware/emulators

Also see what IEEE thinks below. Yup, definitely major motion behind the scenes!

Meanwhile at WGS they are in the process of putting the finishing touches on Linux Pro 5.0, and an entirely new Linux book to go with it. You are going to be amazed, but please don't ask about it just yet... WGS expects to send it off to manufacturing in another week or two, and then that process takes a month or so. But as Earnest & Julio Gallo say, no wine before it's time. It's gotta be great before it ships.

Hope to meet each you someday, until next time, Enjoy!

Mark Bolzern, Editor

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



2. Why Linux: A regular column about why Linux is so valuable.
Linux Admin must become easier, but MS-Windows isn't easy either.

From: DAVID ROVNYAK - rovnyak@ccnmr.mit.edu

I am writing this response mainly because I hope it will inspire people behind-the-scenes. If you would like to include this in a future Newsletter, that would be fine, but mainly I just thought I would add my voice to the others who support the development of Admin&Install; tools for Linux.

Keep up the good work,

------------

I was re-reading through the recent newsletter (#10) and wished to add a comment to Bob van der Poel's article. Bob writes, "...but I still spend hours doing simple things which just shouldn't take so long." When I saw this again, I felt compelled to offer two insights.

The first point: we have all read (and experienced!) the impressive testimonials on how Linux has fundamentally enhanced productivity in business or personal applications. But the need for a comprehensive and standardized set of admin&install; tools highlights a relative vacuum where _even_more_ productivity enhancements can be added to Linux. Researching the HOW-TO's, the newsgroups, the man pages, the many texts & magazines, etc... takes _time_, a precious commodity. Continued progress in reducing these time sinks, would make Linux not just the obvious choice, but the easiest.

The second point: I regularly read the popular PC journals and often see horror stories on W95 system and software installations, not to mention the wealth of nightmare stories I hear from friends and family. The W95 'simple', 'menu-driven', 'friendly' installations are not always what they're cracked up to be. Hardware is not supported; system files and whole partitions disappear; plug'N'play is anything but that; hours on-hold for tech support ("please stay on the line--we value your call"...sure, whatever); we've all seen if not experienced it. Could Linux problems, the answers to which are often contained in HOW-TO's, web sites and man pages, be any worse? Of course not-- in fact, in my experience, I have never experienced problems remotely as traumatic as in my 'Windows daze'. Improved, standardized and more extensive Admin&Install; tools will only widen that gap.

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



3. Hot News: The latest Linux related News.
3.1 Hot News Item #1: Java Article mentions Linux!

From: Oleg Dulin dulino@polaris.clarkson.edu

Found at Yahoo! - "Independent Tests Demonstrate Write Once Run Anywhere Capabilities of Java" http://www.infoworld.com/cgi-bin/displayTC.pl?/970915analysis.htm

Ed: I think with Vibe, newly announced at the Mall, the situation may be even better, and include a great Interactive Development Environment to boot. See below for more information on this great product.


3.2 Hot News Item #2: HotFlash from Web Monkey, Thumbs up to vi!

In Hot Flash 4.40, WebMonkey says:

vi, anywhere any time text editing! Still one of the best there is. See: http://www.hotwired.com/webmonkey/html/97/37/index1a.html

Ed: WebMonkey included a pretty fair vi tutorial in this article too. So, check it out. I personally love vi, and don't know anyone who truly knows it well that would give it up. It is kind of like Unix itself, eh?


3.3 Hot News Item #3: IEEE says future is Linux & NT

The Workstation Shift, a Summary by Oleg Dulin:

I have found an interesting article in the September issue of IEEE-Spectrum. The article is on page 21, it is called "The Workstation Shift" by John R. Hines. It is a fairly long article so I'll just quote what I find important.

Hines is president of Semiconductor and Software Consulting Engineering Inc. of Richardson, Texas. In his article he states that as Windows NT and Linux become more popular, it is more important to support both these platforms than all other desktop operating systems and proprietary UNIX platforms:

"In 1995 1.4 million workstations were sold, 800,000 running Unix, 500,000 running Windows NT, and well over 100,000 running Linux. All the Linux systems ran on Intel boxes, and almost 40 percent of all workstations were Intel boxes, not proprietary hardware. Sun's and HP's combined market share had shrunk to 30 percent of the total market, despite a 17 percent growth in units shipped annually (420,000 units in all).

The workstation market in traditional UNIX-on-proprietary-hardware continues to expand, at a respectable 10 percent per year. But the Linux-and-Windows-NT-on-Intel-box-workstation market is growing exponentially. Figures on Linux are difficult to get, but its 1997 sales are likely to be about 500,000, equal to half the sales of all proprietary UNIX systems for workstations. For its part, Microsoft predicts that in 1997 it will sell 1 million Windows NT Server workstations, which is equal to the predicted number of proprietary UNIX-based workstation sales.

So maintaining applications that run only on a couple of versions of Unix is no longer the best use of resources, when with only a few modifications the same applications could run under NT and Linux, too

Ed: How about that. I have been saying this for several years now. Nice to see others pick up on what is happening! Too bad the real penetration of Linux is not more visible than it is. Their numbers are a factor of 10 too low, and even so, they still think Linux is significant. As does Microsoft who buys a lot of it from us.


3.4 Hot News Item #4: WebKit / WebWorx applications run major sites

From: Stephan Hermann - sh@nwu.de
techn. Leiter Netzwerk u. Telekommunikation
NWU Gesellschaft fuer Netzwerke und Telekommunikation mbH

Here are some examples of web applications for which we are using Linux kernel v2.0.29 and apache 1.2.1 with FlagShip & WebKit:

German Online Shopping System for one of the biggest fantasy role-playing-game businesses in Germany http://www.f-shop.de/

A Health Database for regulatory affairs, contract manufacturing etc. http://www.kind-net.com/

Our next application, in beta and planned for released in October, is a film clip database in cooperation with a multimedia video clip system. You can find the functional application (with a very fast binary search engine under flagship and several customer management modules) at: http://www.clipworld.com/

Ed: For those of you who do not know, like the above applications, is implemented with Webkit ... and after we release Linux Pro 5, we also will continue to improve and promote WebWorx (see http://www.WGS.com), an Internet commerce server which includes Webkit.


3.5 Hot News Item #5: PC-o-cide? Man Arrested

From: Paul Poduska - poduska@ix.netcom.com
and Pete Tasiopoulos - tas@deltanet.com

Considering all the trouble people have with computers, why hasn't this been happening more often?

http://167.8.29.28/life/cyber/tech/cta834.htm

Ed: I bet it does happen a lot more often than we know.


3.6 Hot News Item #6: Linux Super Computing and Great Linux reputation!

In government computer news there is an article about Super Computing with Linux. See: http://www.gcn.com/scripts/dbml.exe?Template=/ArticleSQL/display/GetArticle.dbm&id;=619&bgcolor;=FFFFFF&header;=head_2&article;=hilites_2

And another article about the good reputation that Linux is getting. See: http://www.gcn.com/scripts/dbml.exe?Template=/ArticleSQL/display/GetArticle.dbm&id;=810&bgcolor;=FFFFFF&header;=head_2&article;=hilites_2

Following is a Reader Response to the Government Computer User publication written by the person who sent me the information about these articles in the first place.

From: burchell@jung.mwac.nps.gov - Dave Burchell
Computer Specialist, National Park Service MWAC
To: jbreeden@gcn.com (John Breeden)

Mr. Breeden,

I want to thank you for your article in the July 28 issue of Government Computer News about using a network of Linux machines to do the work of a supercomputer ("Scientist links PCs to run at 'super' speed", However, I thought GCN readers might benefit from a little more information about Linux.

A casual reader not familiar with Linux or Red Hat might come away with the mistaken notion that Linux is a version of Unix available only from Red Hat, much as Solaris is an OS available only from Sun Microsystems. On the contrary, Linux is a free operating system. It is available at no cost from many sources and in many distributions. Red Hat is but one distribution; others include Debian, Caldera, and Slackware.

These distributions are available on CD-ROMs sold by private companies, often with additional proprietary software. However, the OS itself -- including all its source code -- is available free-of-charge.

I would guess that any of the many popular Linux distributions could have been used by Pozo in his quest for supercomputer-class power. As a Linux user, I'd be interested to know why he chose Red Hat over the others. Does Red Hat include some proprietary code that makes JazzNet work better?

Again, thanks for the fine article.

Ed: If more Linux users took the time to write journalists and editors with nice letters such as this, Linux would be adopted even faster. Please do not ever write the abusive letters that journalists so often receive from so many claiming to be Linux people. Note that Dave was quoted in the second article because of his great response to the first! This is how to do it!

Oh, and Dave, next time please list Linux Pro too! It existed before Red Hat, and before Caldera. And I am sure SuSE would like to be listed as well. They have the largest market share in Europe.


3.7 Hot News Item #7: Open Hardware Initiative and I20 group

There has arisen a controversy over the I2O specification:
http://www.wired.com/news/news/technology/story/5343.html

The following message is one response by the Linux Community, and Debian in particular.

From: Bruce Perens - bruce@debian.org

Please see our web site for information on the Open Hardware initiative.

http://www.debian.org/OpenHardware/

So far only one manufacturer has certified their products, but I'm sure there will be many more. After all, this effort has only just begun.

Ed: A worthy effort. Please, people, support the Debian organization in this effort. Email or talk to your favorite hardware vendor about it.

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



4. Useful tips: Information that all Linux fans will want to know about.
4.1 Tip #1 Applications & Howto documents you may find useful

From: Deepa Vasudevan - deepav@pol.net

Database-RDBMS-SQL HOWTO document Version 1.0 for Linux

Database-RDBMS-SQL How-To document for Linux will really help the users to setup a powerful SQL database for applications or for the WEB database on your Linux system.

Please read this document at :
http://sunsite.unc.edu/LDP/HOWTO/Database-HOWTO.html

And mirrors sites are at :-
http://www.caldera.com/LDP/HOWTO/Database-HOWTO.html
http://www.WGS.com/LDP/HOWTO/Database-HOWTO.html
http://www.cc.gatech.edu/linux/LDP/HOWTO/Database-HOWTO.html
http://www.redhat.com/linux-info/ldp/HOWTO/Database-HOWTO.html

Ed: Some more neat references and information:

KDE project, a complete CDE like User environment for use with Linux
http://www.kde.org

Applications for sound on Linux
http://www.bright.net/~dlphilp/linux_soundapps.html

Arena, a freely distributable web browser now sponsored by Yggdrasil
http://www.yggdrasil.com/Products/Arena/

An Open GL (Open Graphics Language) like 3D Graphics library
http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/~brianp/Mesa.html

How to use Linux as a home server to share printer, modem, and more
http://www.imcnet.net/~jpollman/mini-home-server.txt

What can you do with Linux? EyCar, a model car running on Linux, navigates itself. Look out embedded systems developers, the day of Linux is here!
http://escape.unterland.de/~erik/eycar/e_index.htm


4.2 Tip #2: A short and realistic Web page about Linux

Check out this Linux Web page, as it tells a fairly good story

http://www.swcp.com/~jimhill/linux/linux.html

Ed: I asked for a link to the Linux Mall too of course. I would like to ask all our readers to do us the favor of requesting links be placed for on any appropriate web pages you visit, if the link is not already there. For more information see /mallrfr.html . Remember to tell them about our huge selection, our Free Linux CDs, and about the Free Linux Newsletter!

Thank you.

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



5. Linux Event Calendar
5.1 Comdex/Fall, November 17-21, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

This year's Fall Comdex is right around the corner. With 2,000 vendors and over 200,000 attendees, Fall Comdex is an industry show not to be missed. The show is held in Las Vegas, Nevada through November 17 - 21, 1997. More information at: http://www.Comdex.com

Each year, Linux vendors get together and form a Linux Pavilion at Fall Comdex. This year's pavilion is lining up to be the largest Linux Pavilion at any Comdex yet. Don't miss out!

If you are a vendor of Linux-related software or hardware, and would like to exhibit within this year's Linux Pavilion, please e-mail the address below immediately so that your company can be included in pre-promotional materials.

If you are a member of the Linux community and would like to volunteer some of your time during the show, please also email the address below.

We appreciate any help!

If you would like to attend Fall Comdex, the admission to the entire trade show is FREE, just volunteer to put in a bit of time at the Linux International booth! We'd love to see you there!

If you have any questions regarding this year's Fall Comdex Linux Pavilion, or want to participate in any way, please feel free to contact Carlie Fairchild at mailto:li-show@ssc.com or call (206) 782-7733.

Ed: We need *more* of the mainstream press talking about Linux, and more people learning about it. This is why I started the Linux Pavilion concept at Fall Comdex several years ago... and it does seem to be taking off.

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



6. User Success Stories

6.1 Success Story #1: Linux Lockups


From: Stephen Halliburton - steve@hsix.com - Halliburton Systems Inc

I wish we could claim that our Linux systems had been running non-stop for the entire two years since we installed them, but we have actually had to reboot them twice in that period. Once was because we were moving all the equipment in the office and had to unplug the power cords to do so. The second time was to install a newer version of Linux; of course this needed a reboot.

I can say, however, that we have *never* had any one of our five Linux systems shut down or need rebooting because of a problem with the system. We run several large commercial web sites here and also use the systems for program development. One of our web site customers asked that we move his site to a Windows NT server so it would be "compatible" with his other systems; we just laughed and left it right where it was.

Ed: There was a time when the slogan went "No one was ever fired for buying IBM". Well today it seems to apply to Microsoft... And unfortunately I know a lot of people who were fired for buying IBM.

I just visited the largest ISP in the Rocky Mountain region. They said that they will set up NT boxes instead of Linux boxes or Solaris boxes if a customer insists. They say that they warn the customer that NT takes twice to 4 times the administration, needs to be watched closer and fails much more often, and costs much more while not doing nearly as much. An amazing number of customers insist upon NT anyway, and so they get what they asked for: higher costs, less ability, and lower reliability. However the ISP refuses to state this publically for fear of Microsoft retaliation. Just how typical is this? Unfortunately, in my experience it seems to the the rule rather than the exception.

What would happen if more people took a stand? What happened when this country had a "Tea Party?"

When a customer goes to a knowledgeable service provider, but insists on having the job done his way or he'll take his business elsewhere, the customer generally gets what he wants even if "his way" is based on ignorance and will hurt him.

Isn't this a lot like hiring an attorney, and then telling him how to do his job? Either you have confidence in the person you hired to do the job or you don't. If you don't, don't retain them.

Also, why can't Netscape see that if they don't start giving their browsers away for free, they are handing the SERVER market to Microsoft? He who controls what the browser can do, controls what the server can do. There is still time for Netscape, but they don't have much longer to turn it around.


6.2 Success Story #2: Linux Record Ends

From: Otterboy - jong@seaotter.com - Jonathan D. Gross

To all those rooting for Linux and long uptimes, I am sad to announce the demise of my personal record. The Fire Marshall paid a visit and wasn't very happy with the nest of snakes that fed power to two of the servers, and I was forced to unplug the venerable maceater.

Right before I powered it down, I got this from it:

Linux maceater 1.3.74 #2 Sat Mar 16 15:08:40 GMT-0800 1996 i386
2:36pm up 395 days, 20:14, 1 user, load average: 0.11, 0.03, 0.01

This served as gateway, DNS, SMTP, FTP and "internet services box" for 20 Macs for about six months. Now it only does DNS and gatewaying.

Ed: There are many systems that have to break a record winning streak in this way. It is a shame, as we will never know how long it really could have run.


6.3 Success Story #3: Linux versus MS-Windows

From: esmeltz@mcdmail1.fwrdc.rtsg.mot.com - Ed Smeltz
Applied Systems Engineering - Texas Products Division - Motorola, Inc.

My main Linux box (I have two of them) at home is an AMD 486DX120 with 16MB of RAM, a 2GB EIDE hard drive and an 8X CDROM mounted in a mini-tower case. There are two 33.6 USRobotics modems and one Heath serial terminal connected to the four serial ports. I have been running Linux kernel 1.2.8 from Slackware since shortly after it came out. I normally leave my main Linux box on all the time and use it daily for various things such as word processing, games, network access using Netscape, dialing in to work from home, programming in Perl, bash and "C" and self-education in UNIX. All five of the people in my household use it, and it is not uncommon for one person to be on the main console while someone else is logged on via the serial terminal.

Late last year I was in a surplus electronics store and found a device for tracking the runtime of electronic equipment. It looked similar to an odometer in a car, but it was designed to display up to 100,000 hours in increments of hundredths of an hour. As it ran off of 12VDC, I thought it would be easy and interesting to install it in my Linux box and track total runtime for the system as well as time between reboots.

The runtime meter read 1852 hours before I finally had to reboot the computer due to a lockup while running Xfree. This long of a runtime was not unexpected as prior to this I had noted that the unit would run for months at a stretch with no trouble whatsoever. Shortly after that, I was speaking with a high-ranking person in the computer support group at work about Linux. He had complained just minutes before that his laptop, which was running Windows 95, would lock up about once a day. When I asked if he considered running Linux, he stated he did not want to cripple his machine. I just shook my head and walked off. It did not compute how daily lockups and a bunch of buggy, overpriced Microsoft applications could in anyone's mind be better than 1800+ hours of trouble- free computing with over 20,000 freely-available software packages on the net. If someone is that gung-ho on running Microsoft stuff, WABI can handle that. Go figure.

Ed: The Linux OS probably remained running despite the XFree lockup you mention. I assume you tried logging in from another port, or Ethernet connected system?

Isn't it sad? People often think we Linux enthusiasts recommend Linux because we are cultists, while the logic and possibly profits escape them. They rarely stop to think that we might have perfectly rational reasons for our choices. Why is it popular these days to be a [fill in here] dummy?


6.4 Success Story #4: Never Ending Kernel

From: Jon Lewis - jlewis@fdt.net
Network Administrator - Florida Digital Turnpike

I just wanted to let people know that something IMO remarkable happened at FDT today. We had a 1.2.13-lmp kernel pass 497 days uptime. The jiffie counter wrapped, my ssh session to the system got killed, but everything else seems to have survived. The main sshd process, Apache, named, sendmail, etc. are all still running 5 hours after the big wrap.

It really confuses the heck out of procinfo...it thinks it booted today when the wrap happened, but the idle times show it didn't.

Bootup: Sun Sep 14 19:41:10 1997      Load average: 0.16 0.08 0.02 1/28

user  :   2d 13:42:04.18     1195.5%  page in :   8271435  disk 1: 18126041
nice  :       0:00:00.00        0.0%  page out:  18239002
system:   6d 12:55:00.67     3040.4%  swap in :   1055969
idle  : 248d 13:13:56.47 -115580.-3%  swap out:      9430
uptime:       5:09:46.54              context : 231353133

Can anyone tell me what the record is for linux uptimes? Is there anyone left to beat?

Ed: Incredible, Linux does continuous uninterrupted uptime past what it is designed for, and still keeps ticking. A minor adjustment to a reporting utility (procinfo). What is more, you may be right back in the chips without ever missing a beat!

Can anyone answer Jon's question with evidence of a Linux site that has had over 1.38 years continuous of uptime?

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



7. Reader Feedback
7.1 Reader Feedback #1: Software? Or Solution?

From: Richard L. Goerwitz III - richard@goon.stg.brown.edu

Eek, you're doing it: Using "solution" to mean "software" (e.g., as in "workgroup solution"). Solutions are for chemists and marketdroids. If you mean "software," say it. If you mean "good software," then say that. Plainspeak, you know ;-).
Ed: Actually WGS does more than just software. WorkGroup Solutions (WGS) is a full service company with support and also consulting available. We can and will build complete solutions. WGS publishs and sells tools because they were first created for WGS own use, and then WGS feels these tools will be useful to others too.

For instance WGS built WebWorx and WebKit in order to do the Linux Mall, and did Linux Pro to have a reliable professional quality OS to run it all on (our entire company). This is not to sleight Red Hat, Caldera, SuSE or anyone else (they are better for some people, and different from what Linux Pro is). WGS started this work before these other vendors were even on the scene. What WGS releases must be industrial strength, anything less won't do, regardless of how long it takes. The same is true of AcctOnIt and 321Contact, both in beta..

WGS solves problems.


7.2 Reader Feedback #2: Freeware? Caldera?

From: Joe Buck -jbuck@synopsys.com

> From Linux Newsletter #7
> Many corporations are wary of Linux because they associate it with 
> "Freeware" or "Shareware".  This is very wrong, and in this article
> I attempt to clearly demonstrate why.
And you fail: Linux is freeware as the term is commonly used, as are the GNU tools. Also, there is a lot of extremely high-quality freeware that is not GPLed: Tcl/Tk, BSD, etc. Please don't attempt to change the meaning of "freeware" or to slam it by saying "freeware == low quality".
> One common misunderstanding about Linux is that in order to make 
> available software that runs on Linux, one must release it under 
> the GPL license.  This is patently false.  It would only be true
> in the special case where someone else's software that was already 
> GPL was used within your software, AND you modify IT.
Not quite right; you can't link to GPLed software either unless you GPL your own software. This isn't a problem with Linux since the system libraries use a different license, the LGPL, which does allow proprietary software to link to them.
>    Caldera OpenLinux Standard 1.1   
And how *dare* they say "OpenLinux" to describe their less open (because of the proprietary components) Linux distribution. The name offends me.
> very good image to those outside the Linux Community.  Unfortunately 
> many of the hackers who built the Linux community in the first place 
> see Caldera as an enemy because of its slick, upscale marketing, or for 
> other reasons of their own.
Well, for some Linux folk (e.g. the Debian project) the whole reason for Linux is freely redistributable software, maintained and improved by the community, so Caldera isn't interesting to them. I have no problem with Caldera's basic model. But Caldera has made a few blunders: "OpenLinux" is about as bad as "Lignux" and likely to piss people off for the same reason. Similarly, making deals to port popular applications to Linux, but then agreeing to terms that mean the tools may be run only on Caldera, are causing some anger. That's not really doing a Linux port, it's doing an "OpenLinux" port.
> This does not mean Caldera is better than other vendors, as they all have 
> their strong points.  It means that I want to see the Linux community 
> remain cohesive, and not be destroyed by infighting like the Unix wars of 
> a few years ago.
Then tell your Caldera friends not to attempt to fork off a different "OpenLinux" system, not to sign deals that require that a popular proprietary tool be run only on Caldera (it's self-defeating anyway as it cuts the available market). Caldera ports should be able to run on any system obeying the standards and having the appropriate libraries installed. To do otherwise (to attempt to use application sales to move OpenLinux sales) violates your little motto below:
> It can happen, if everyone says to themselves, "It starts with me",
> and "Needs of the community before greed."

Ed: Actually yes, Linux is Freeware as the term is commonly used by those that understand. It is not, as the term is commonly used by many "Suits". While you make some good points you do it in a very "assaultive" manner. This will only cause people to fight back.

As for Caldera, they are also aiming their naming toward people that need to hear the term "Open". It is a marketing thing, and not meant to imply that their Linux is any more open than any other. Please, let's not fight among ourselves. Marketing is a tricky thing, and one must often say what people want to hear (while not lying) in order to get them to even look at what is good for them. Caldera is not after the people that Debian attracts, but rather, they are after the people that Microsoft and other commercial vendors attract. The ones who don't even know what real openness is.

If Caldera would like to provide a more complete response, I'd be happy to print it. It is a subject that comes up fairly often.


7.3 Reader Feedback #3: Linus in Wonderland

From: Rob St. John - robstjohn@gomontana.com

To: letters@sjmetro.com

Howdy Linuxers,

While reading the latest edition of the Linux newsletter from WGS I came across the link to your "Linus Inside" article. http://metroactive.com/papers/metro/05.08.97/index.html

I just wanted to drop you a note expressing my appreciation for you folks publishing the article. It was great! Two points in the article stood out. Number one was the conscious decision by Linus to unselfishly share his OS with others. And secondly, the seeming inequity of folks who have parlayed millions by marketing others' ideas while the idea generators do not share in the reward, albeit money is not the bottom line. And believe me I'm not condemning those entrepreneurs who have profited.

Anyway, I had this crazy idea. If there are eight million Linux users out there and each sent Linus and his family 1 measly dollar... well you can do the math. Hey man, what has the Linux experience been worth to you? Sending one dollar by the millions I think tweaks the nose of the giant. So, if this idea has merit what we would need is someone with organizational skills and integrity, to organize such an effort.

Ed: Good luck. You are elected as the promoter! Bear in mind that although we (the entrepreneurs, me included) have made millions of dollars with Linux we have turned around and spent those same millions promoting Linux. This money just greases the wheels for everyone. No one I know of is getting rich, and many are just barely making a living. This article, while fun, was really rather National Enquirer-ish. Still, better any press than no press.

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



8. Top 10: Linux Best Sellers

To find out all the information on any of the products in the Top 10 chart, simply click on its link below!

By $ Volume

  1. FlagShip - /products/00071.html
  2. Red Hat Linux Official 4.2 - /products/00393.html
  3. Caldera OpenLinux Standard 1.1 - /products/00376.html
  4. CDE Business Desktop - /products/00362.html
  5. FlagShip Toolbox - /products/00073.html
  6. Caldera OpenLinux Base 1.1 - /products/00826.html
  7. ApplixWare Educational Edition - /products/00169.html
  8. Linux 5 Pack - /products/00496.html
  9. Linux Pro Desktop 2.0 - /products/00369.html
  10. Applixware Office Suite - /products/00168.html

By # of Units

  1. Linux Encyclopedia, 5th Edition - /products/00438.html
  2. Red Hat 4.2 CD with Contribs - /products/00601.html
  3. Slackware 3.3 CD - /products/00602.html
  4. Linux 5 pack - /products/00496.html
  5. Red Linux Official version 4.2 - /products/00393.html
  6. Linux Pro 4.1a CD /products/00360.html
  7. Caldera OpenLinux Lite 1.1 - /products/00425.html
  8. Penguin Bumper Sticker - /products/00328.html
  9. Applixware Educational Edition - /products/00169.html
  10. Linux 3 pack - /products/00495.html

This list of top ten sellers is compiled using the following criteria: Products sold over a period of the prior 30 days' sales at the Linux Mall. The Linux Mall carries all products from any vendor who wishes us to to do so. There are many ways to come up with sales numbers, but the only truly reliable way is counting actual sales. For the purposes of this "Top 10" chart, the Linux Mall chooses to assume that its own sales are statistically representative of the Linux industry as a whole, plus or minus 20%. Several vendors tell us that the Linux Mall is one of their top dealers. These numbers may be affected by co-promotions with various vendors from time to time, or by a product not being represented by the Linux Mall, but will be generally accurate. WorkGroup Solutions products tend to rank a bit higher than they should as a result of its working closely with the Linux Mall. All other vendors are invited to do the same. We will not play favorites. We just want to sell volume and provide the public with whatever they want to purchase!

You can vote for your favorite product by buying it at the Linux Mall!

See /announce/whylinuxmall.html for other reasons why people choose to shop at the Linux Mall!

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9. FREE LINUX items

The Linux Mall is giving away FREE CDs of your favorite Linux distributions. Caldera OpenLinux, Linux Pro by WGS & Red Hat Linux Please see /FreeCD.html

Anyone else care to provide products to give away?

Section End - Return to Table of Contents



10. New Products & Specials at the Linux Mall
Below are this month's newsletter specials. A list of products new to the Linux Mall is always maintained at
/newprods.html , so come see the latest additions! A list of *ALL* current products available at /mallidx.html .

In order to take advantage of the following special deals you **MUST** provide the offer code WIX034 when you contact us. If you order online, and the price invoiced does not match what is mentioned here, simply state in the comments area "Adjust prices to match offer WIX034", and it will be done when we process the order. Offers Expire 10/30/97 or when supplies run out.
                            **  NEW  **
Vibe, Java IDE                                          Item #: 00487 
List Price: $895.95            Linux Newsletter Special Price: $79.95

Vibe, the Java and C++ IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that won Unix Review's IDE of the year. This $800 product is available for Linux at a very special low price for a limited time. Check it out! This is a developer's dream.
More information: /products/00487.html

                            **  NEW  **

WebCheck                                                 Item #: 00497 
List Price: $185.95            Linux Newsletter Special Price: $170.00

WebCheck is a site administration tool which allows you to effectively analyze and visualize your site. The browser based GUI provides a highly integrated environment for editing, correcting, and publishing changes to your site using your favorite HTML editor.
More information: /products/00497.html

                            **  NEW  **

Word Perfect 7 for Linux                                Item #: 00514 
List Price: $199.00            Linux Newsletter Special Price: $199.00

Everybody has heard of WordPerfect. This is the new 7.0 release for Linux!
More information: /products/00514.html

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11. Linux Newsletter Subscription & Policy statement

For more information about the Linux Newsletter visit /announce/lxnann.html

Subscription Information
========================

To *Subscribe* to this Newsletter:

Send us an email with SUBSCRIBE on the subject line. You may click on mailto:Subscribe@LinuxMall.com . If you received this copy of the newsletter direct from us via E-Mail you are already subscribed. If you mangle your return address to defeat spammers, please make sure we have your *CORRECT* address if you choose to subscribe. Every day we get subscribe messages that we have no proper address for.


To *Unsubscribe*:

Reply to this copy of the newsletter. Put the word REMOVE on the subject line. Also include at least the header from the newsletter you received so we can be sure to remove the correct address from our files. In cases where mail has been forwarded to an address besides the one we mailed to... we would be fooled without the header and unable to unsubscribe you.

Submissions for *inclusion* in the Linux Newsletter:

On all submissions sent to this newsletter, the author may choose to be named or to remain anonymous, but to be anonymous you must make the request in your message. We reserve the right to edit for clarity, space, and accuracy. The edited submission becomes property of the Linux Newsletter.

Despite our best efforts, we cannot respond to all of the hundreds of submissions and communications we receive daily. Please do not be offended if your submission does not appear immediately, is not chosen, or if you do not hear from us about it.

Payment for Submissions to the Linux Newsletter:

Anyone whose email address appears as part of a story in the Linux Newsletter wins $25 off their next purchase from us. Simply claim it within 30 days of newsletter publication. You MUST indicate the newsletter issue, and line number where your address appeared in the comments field of our online ordering system at or via E-mail.

Permission to *copy* the Linux Newsletter:

Permission is granted under the terms of the GPL to copy or distribute any portion of this newsletter for any purpose complimentary to the goals of the Linux community. We request that you credit the Linux Newsletter, and the original author (when obvious who it is) of all materials used. Back issues of the Linux Newsletter can be found at /announce.html

##########


Linux Newsletter
supported by Linux Mall, The Linux Superstore
, mailto:info@LinuxMall.com
Tel: 303-699-7470 To Order: 800-234-7813 or 303-693-3321 Fax: 303-699-2793
Copyright 1997 by WorkGroup Solutions, Inc.